Exercise 6 - Wide and narrow tongue

Exercise for feeling the difference between a relaxed and a stiff tongue
Children alternate between a wide and narrow tongue. The wide shape indicates a relaxed tongue and when the tongue narrows markedly, it means it has stiffened. This exercise must be performed in front of a mirror and the children identify both tongue positions by checking them in the mirror. D88

Exercise 7 - Scrumptious breakfast

Closed humming - preparatory exercise
The children first inhale using the smelling image, then exhale on the Mmmmmm sound (like in the exercise 1) Smelling the fragrance of a rose in Lesson 4). If a child has trouble setting the head resonance, a slight yawn on the vowel ĀH may help lift the soft palate. The yawning is concluded on the Mmmmmm sound again, with the lips together while trying to maintain the sensation of open cavities achieved through yawning. This is followed by a smelling inhalation and exhalation on the sound Mmmmmm, this time with a slight biting movement of the jaws. The biting (up and down, not side to side) is a big help in relaxing the jaw while simultaneously diverting the children's attention from producing the tone. Humming a melody or even a song will lead to an even better relaxation. D89

Story for younger children:
Imagine that you are just getting up in the morning and suddenly you smell a lovely smell coming from the kitchen. The smell is so heavenly that as you inhale you relax your jaw slightly in surprise (as if slightly opening the mouth but with your lips together). Your feelings are expressed by a delighted Mmmmmm. Try to maintain the sensation of freely open nostrils and the mental image of the smell continuously going through your nose during the entire exercise. It is the feeling you would have if you kept smelling even through the exhalation on the sound Mmmmmm. D90
You go into the kitchen but suddenly you have to yawn. Since you have good manners, you put your hand over your mouth and yawn on the sound ĀH. You finish the yawn with your lips together on the sound Mmmmmm. D91
Finally, your breakfast is served. It tastes just as wonderful as it smelled and so you hum contently while you eat, again on the sound Mmmmmm.You can hum in the speech range or you can hum a song. But mind that you bite carefully (do not chew like a cow!) so that you do not bite into your tongue as you sing. D92
Now let's perform the whole exercise D93.

Exercise 8 - Calling Mum

Humming practice: setting and sounding of the tone in head resonance
Children repeat the word Mum and hold the final sound M, saying Mummmmm.
It is important to check that the molars are slightly apart even when the mouth is closed and that the tone is formed in a relaxed manner, not by force.

Story for younger children:
Try to imagine that you are a small child calling your mum. Your voice will be far more vibrant if you hold the final M. Listen to the lingering mmmm to see if it is vibrant enough. If your molars are close together, try to separate them and you will see that the sound becomes much richer and more vibrant. D95
If you are doing the exercise correctly, your entire head should resonate. Try to touch the base of your nose, your cheeks and the crown of your head. Are all of these bones, including your skull, really vibrating?
If you do not feel any vibration yet, try to help yourself by yawning with your mouth closed during the final mmmmm. Is it better this way? D96

In this exercise you must make sure that the children do not force their voices through a closed throat. Check if the humming really sounds relaxed. The most common problem is that the base of the tongue is stiff or that the jaws are clamped together.

Exercise 9 - Sucking our thumbs - “thumb in the mouth” trick

Even though this exercise seems very infantile, it can be used quite reliably to achieve the correct anchoring of the tongue and root relaxation as well as the relaxed jaw sensation.

As shown in the photo, the children place a thumb in their mouth in such a way that the other fingers are pointing upward F12. The index finger touches the base of the nose or the forehead depending on the size of the hand. It helps the children feel the vibrations that emerge when the humming is performed correctly. Tell the children to perceive the sensations of a relaxed jaw, relaxed neck, correct tongue position (it lies calmly and with the tip resting against the lower incisors). Another advantage of placing the thumb in the mouth is that the lips shift forward slightly and tense slightly, which will be used later for articulation. Here, too, it is important to set a yawning sensation arching the soft palate.
You must avoid biting the thumb between the upper and lower incisors. The yawning sensation should naturally make the thumb lie gently on the tongue with the upper incisors only touching it from above.
While sucking their thumb, the children repeat the word Mum and hold the final sound M, saying Mummmmm. D97a D97b
The children may become more relaxed if they gently suck their thumbs. D98

Exercise 10 - Practicing closed humming

The following humming exercise is focused on fixating the resonance form sensation, which we achieve through repeated inhalation ("smelling a flower "trick) through the nose.
Practice the melody according to the attached notation No.1, with a "smelling a flower" trick inhalation before the beginning of the exercise and after the first and the second tone. It is important to make only the first inhalation full. The second and the third ones are mostly symbolic otherwise the exercise could result in breath overfilling. D99a D99b